Recently, on our channel, we published a large material that compared the achievements of two post-socialist automakers — Domestic AvtoVAZ and Czech
The fact is that on Czech
When Škoda united with Volkswagen Group in 1991 by 1997, the factory in Mlada Boleslav began the supply of own development engines for other concern brands. Initially, it was the motors of a working volume of 1.0 l with a capacity of 50 hp (37 kW), and since 2001 ŠKODA began the release of three-cylinder engines 1.2 HTP, which were also installed on the Volkswagen Fox, Volkswagen Polo and Seat Ibiza. After another eight years, the ERA of new economical, with reduced emission indicators of harmful substances, four-cylinder motors with direct injection of fuel began with a start production of the engine 1.2 TSI.
In 2014, the Scientific and Technical Center for the development of engines opened in Mlada Boleslav, which was consolidated by expert
And here it is appropriate to compare with the neighboring enterprise Audi Hungary Kft in the Hungarian city of Diere.
Development of modern engines is a very complex process and begins with a selection of concept. After completion of the initial design stage, modeling and calculations are performed, physical prototypes are created. Then, using various functional tests, key characteristics are checked, for example, noise level. Next, experts create the necessary software and adjust the engine control unit. Finally, power tests and endurance in all climatic zones help ensure the quality, reliability and durability of engines around the world.
The last step in the development process is the integration of engines in various platforms of the Volkswagen Group.
But the geography of production. The main plant ŠKODA AUTO in Mlada Boleslav produces EA 211 series engines with a working volume from 1.0 l to 1.6 liters for the European Union, Mexico, India and Africa.
As you know, on the Russian ŠKODA Rapid, Octavia, Karoq, as well as Volkswagen Polo, install EA211 1.6 L (90 and 110 hp) engines, manufactured from 2015 at the Volkswagen Group motor plant in Kaluga. Its production capacity is 150 thousand motors per year. Volkswagen already exports engines released in Kaluga: with a volume of 161 thousand pieces in 2018, 44 thousand engines were delivered to export. Among the supply directions, including the factories in Spain and the Czech Republic. In 2019, the concern was planning exports from the Russian Federation of engines and their components to the factories in the Czech Republic, Poland, Spain, Mexico and South Africa.
By the way, it should be noted that the engine of Russian production has a high degree of localization. The billets of the cylinder block and the head of the cylinder block for engines come to Kaluga from the Ulyanovsk plant of Nemak, which produces details from Russian aluminum. The electrical wiring for power units is supplied by Fujikura Automotive from its production in Cheboksary. Crankshaft blanks come from Kamaz, etc.