Why Russian private and municipal carriers articulated buses are not in demand.

Another 20 years ago on the streets of Russian cities could often be found buses-accordion. These were buses of Hungarian production Ikarus-280. They worked on the most passenger urban routes connecting large sleeping housings with passing factories and transport and transfers.

The first buses with the articulation node appeared in the USSR at the end of the 60s, this

A special large capacity «Ikarus-280» came to change «One hundred and eighties». It was a model of the new 200th series of Hungarian buses, which were delivered not only in the USSR, but also in almost all the Sottraces — GDR, Bulgaria, Poland, Cuba, etc. Only Socialist Czechoslovakia stood somewhat mansion, which retained their bus construction and also released the articulated model of Karos.

Within the framework of the Economic Organization, the Council of Economic Mutual Assistance (CEV), Hungary specialized in the release of urban-type buses and tourist class.

Although in our country, where the bus market was huge and absorbed all the technique, which automakers were provided to him, the domestic bus construction was represented by Likinsky, Lviv, Pavlovsky and Kurgan plants.

With the collapse of SEV, the supply of Hungarian «Ikarusov» came up. In the 90s, the mayor of the capital Yuri Luzhkov, attempts were made to produce Ikarus 400-series at Tushinsky engineering factory. But the history of Hungarian harmonicus ended in 1994-1995. Then the World Bank provided a number of Russian cities to update the rolling stock of passenger transport.

The Ural Capital Ekaterinburg fell into the number of lucky. For urban transport of Yekaterinburg, the articulated model «Ikarus-283» was chosen.

It is noteworthy that the sets for the assembly came from Hungary to the Kurgan Bus Plant (Kavz), where the final assembly of buses was carried out. Buses turned out to be such a survival that their massively began to be written off in 2016-2019, when they replaced nefases and Mazis in the municipal parks of Yekaterinburg. True, a number of non-municipal carriers made a bet on used

But in Omsk, with the same loan of the World Bank made a bet on

But in fact, the first domestic articulated bus was very much capacity to see the light at the beginning of the 00s. It was the LIAZ-6212 model. Such articians were issued about 1,000 pieces. In 2008, at the Likinsky bus factory

The fact is that the result of economic reforms in the country has become a significant reduction in urban passenger traffic, changing their geography. And in addition, private carriers came out on the arena of urban transport, which scrupulously consider the costs and buses of particularly much capacity did not fit into their transportation business. Moreover, in many cities, even million painters, these private carriers actively involved the buses of a small capacity «Paziki». And the urban authorities needed certain efforts to return to the routes to the urban buses of the middle and large class. Then the exit was found in a number of cities, some were bought

Moscow with its huge passenger traffic and financial capabilities was easier to preserve articulated buses in the city park.

However, even the postcrem crisis has exposed the following problem. The power unit on this model LIAZ-6213 was not domestic, and this was played with the machine such a role. The mass production modification of LIAZ-6213.22 was discontinued due to the increase in the cost of the engine of the MAN engine. In 2016, the LIAZ-6213.22-77 modification could be launched into mass production with the same engine as Liaz-5292.22-77. In connection with the intensification of the process of import substitution in the fall of the same year, the production of LIAZ-6213.65-77 modification was started with the YAMZ-536 engine (310 hp). All power plants work in a pair with automatic transmissions of ZF 6HP504C or ZF 6AP-1200B. Scheme pushing.

And how are things with articians in other cities? A certain amount of LIAZ-6213 was still in the parks of such cities like Nizhny Novgorod, Voronezh, etc. But, unfortunately, this type of passenger cars did not receive a lot of distribution.


And on the products of Maza made a bid of the second Russian capital. In the past March, five first arrived in the northern capital

Earlier, MAZ produced several articulated models with an index 105, 205, 215. But they have a power unit located in the database, and the leading was the second bridge.

In the new model, the engine and gearbox are placed in the tail part of the trailer, the lead is the bridge of the second section. In the interior of the first section, it became spacious and more comfortable: a large accumulative platform appeared on the site of the mine compartment mine, on which there are places for attaching two wheelchairs at once. Significantly lower and noise level while driving. Compared to the 215th model, the new «harmonica» received a shortened wheelbase and reduced by 750 mm total length. The 18-meter body has four doorways (doors formula 2-2-2-2).

Buses are painted in azure color (paint code — 2107035 RAL). In the cabin — 42 seats for seating. Engine — 326-Strong Mercedes OM 926 La.eev / 3 Environmental Standard Euro-5. Transmission — Automatic Allison T375W / RET.

It remains only hoping that other millionth city of Russia will follow the example of two capitals and choose an articulated model to raise the quality of urban passenger traffic to a higher level. After all, it is not necessary when the buses of a small capacity in some cities dominate urban routes, as if we still live in the country of the Third World.