The key issue in the further development of the domestic automotive industry is the problem of a modern diesel engine. It is relevant not only for the segment of cargo equipment, but also for the production of passenger rolling stock, road-building, agricultural equipment, etc.

In the Soviet Union, the only in the country was the Yaroslavl School of Diesel Engineering. Then, in the mid-70s of the last century, when KAMAZ was built, Yaroslavl specialists developed and transferred technical documentation to the new KAMAZ-740 KAMAZ motor. So the history of the second center of the competence of a diesel station in the country began.

However, the needs of the national economy were much more than they could provide domestic engineering builders. For such a large-scale construction site, the Baikal-Amur Railway Highway was purchased by the Magirus Deutz German truck batch from Ulma, the air cooling engines of which were very well shown in operation in the harsh conditions of Siberia and the Far East.

On this engine brand Deutz V8 with a capacity of 230 hp The USSR even bought a license, and a new plant in Kustana (Kazakhstan) was built for its production. It was planned to produce up to 40 thousand power units per year and equip them with a new family of Trucks URAL-43223. But after perestroika, the joint venture stopped existence, and DEUTZ motors did not become massive.

Essentially after the collapse of the USSR in

Our channel often refers to production issues.

Outside our attention remains another center of the domestic diesel station in Yaroslavl. Therefore, correct this space.

Yaroslavl diesel in French

More recently, the model gamut of the engines of Yaroslavl motor was developed from the distant 60s of the last century. This is a wide range of V-shaped diesel engines from 150 to 800 hp Yaroslavl motorists managed to bring them to the norms of Euro-3, and even Euro-4. But endlessly bringing the development is becoming more expensive. And here I had to go the original way. Today in the model line there is such a diesel engine as the YAMZ-650, which is installed on both Minsk Mazi and the Urals. His story is interesting and instructive. Some time ago, the French automaker Renault Trucks moved under the control of the Swedish cargo giant Volvo Trucks. After that, the process of optimization has begun and the French has become «superfluous» their motor, the license of which and purchased Yaroslavl.

We are talking about the Renault DCI-11 engine, then its capacity was 320-420 horsepower, he satisfied the «Euro-3» standards. In the global practice of motor-building rare cases when the diesel engine is so simple. Only an example of the Austrian Steyr comes to memory, which helped in the formation of a Chinese diesel engine station.

In turn, Yaroslavls together with the English engineering company Ricardo managed to bring the power DCI-11 to 450 hp and improve its environmental characteristics to the norms of Euro-5. Yaroslavl Motor of the YAMZ-650 series is well known on many models

It is interesting here such a question. Ex-French diesel engine YAMZ-650 is still foreign development, successfully transferred to the Russian soil. Ricardo engineers know this engine very well, they at one time worked on it. In general, the competency center is still there, abroad. Yaroslavl engines through such projects have gained experience and developed their own competencies.

But nevertheless, the main implemented project and the main achievement of Yaroslavl engine builders are the average row diesel engine of the YAMZ-530 series.

Another development of Yaroslavl engines has a very interesting story. Back in the early 90s domestic

And only when the Yaroslavl «Avtodiesel» entered the group of gas work on a new diesel engine sharply activated.

As already above it was said, the engine was created not from scratch. The basis was taken as the basis of a ready-made sample, its deep modernization was carried out together with the leading engineering company AVL from Austria, so work on several phases were carried out much faster.

Initially, it was planned to produce 110 thousand engines per year, but these were the calculations of the former times to all the past economic crises in Russia. Then, during the 2009 crisis, the Planck was lowered to 40 thousand motors. But equipment allows you to produce up to 52 thousand engines in this factory per year if you increase the number of shifts. But there is no such demand yet, and not foreseen in the near future.

On the new platform on the outskirts of Yaroslavl in 2009-2011, a new plant was built, equipped with the latest technology. In December 2007, the leading European engineering companies were signed by contracts for the supply and installation of equipment for the mehowing of the cylinder block, block head, etc. But again the crisis and work was suspended. Since May 2010, after the conclusion of a treaty with Vnesheconombank and the opening of financing of work, contracts with technological equipment suppliers and knot suppliers were renewed.

Today, the main consumers of the 530 motors are assembly enterprises of the GAZ Group. This is the bus factories — Liaz, Paz, Kavz, Gorky gas,

YAMZ Motor Russian?

Today, the Yaroslavl enterprise is working on the localization of the 530 series diesel engines. Over the past few years, great progress has been achieved in translating to domestic nodes and details. Now the degree of localization of new Yaroslavl motors exceeded 80%.

Until recently, all cast iron cast has been supplied from the German Fritz Winter Eisengieliei plant. This is a leading casting and details provider for the largest German automakers Daimler AG, BMW. Now casting blocks is localized on Nizhny Novgorod Gaza. Also mastered casting aluminum parts.

Piston group from two manufacturers — the Kostroma plant «Motordal» and a plant from Naberezhnye Chelny Federal Mogul. Another major engine component — crankshaft. Previously, it was supplied from the factory of thissen Krupp, and the treatment was carried out on YAMZ. Now the harvesting of crankshafts supplies the metallurgical production of KAMAZ. In turn, the liners of the crankshaft, the camshaft bushings are made on the Zavolzhsky Plant of Slip Bearings. This is the most modern factory in the Russian Federation. He used to be part of ZMZ, and a few years ago, a Japanese company Daido Metall Co. was bought.

Part of the components of the engines is mastered on the Yaroslavl plant of diesel equipment (yazda). Here produced camshaft, roller pushers, valve springs, etc. It is important that now the release of the TNVD for the Common Rail system is also mastered.

Turbochargers are also Russian, turbines are mastered at the enterprise of the enterprise NPO turbotechnology in Protvino.

Today, the enterprise mastered the production of motors using compressed natural gas as fuel. The family of medium-sized row diesel and gas engines of the YAMZ-530 has high technical indicators at the level of leading world analogues in economy, resource, compliance with environmental standards. A wide range is up to 400 modifications and complete sets with a high degree of unification — with a power range of 130-330 liters. with. (100-242 kW) provides installation on trucks and buses, special products, railway transport, excavators, high-drivers, tractors, etc.

On the problem of diesel engine for a commercial car «Gazelle» Read our material «