The development of the automotive industry in the Russian Federation is recognized as one of the priority tasks of economic policy at the present stage. And the main principle is considered to be the localization of the production of components in the country. The global auto industry has many examples of such a root localization.

It is enough to remember the interesting example of Brazil. At the end of the 50s and early 60s, the president of the country was an extraordinary politician Zhuselin Kubichek. The car industry in this country was recognized as a strategic industry. How did he manage to achieve the goal?

Very simple. The presidential palace was caused by the heads of the Brazilian Four — the leaders of concerns

Today, the Brazilian car industry produces about 3 million cars per year and is considered the largest in the southern hemisphere. In addition to the Big Brazilian Four, Renault, Hyundai, Honda, Nissan came here. And the export of auto industry’s products provides Brazil about $ 20 billion annually.

But in the Russian Federation everything went through another way. Over the past one and a half decades, many different legislative and regulatory documents were taken governing the development of this industry.

One of the very first documents, which actually made a coup in the industry and became the basis for the formation of a new car industry in the Russian Federation, was the Government Resolution No. 166. Then agreements were signed with 29 leading world automakers on the introduction of the «Industrial Assembly-1» mode on the territory of the country. It was envisaged to exemption from customs duties for 7 years for the import into the country of autocomponents in exchange for a reduction in importation of autocomponents by 30%, the creation of production facilities for the release of at least 25 thousand cars — with welding, colorful and assembly. That is, localization was supposed to be about 30%. But it is relatively small.

Then the requirements were tightened. The goal is to achieve at least 60% of localization. In the new Investrezhim, Promsbork-2, criteria and methods for assessing the requirements for automakers were specified. This agreement was signed by AVTOVAZ-RENAULT-NISSAN, Volkswagen, Ford, General Mototrs. As well as KAMAZ with Daimler in the cargo segment.

But the Crimean crisis put a cross at a high 60% level and the requirements reduced to 45%.

The data of these modes ends in 2020. The new long-term (third) investment regime comes to replace them, in which completely different approaches to the development of the industry are laid.

Special containers (spokes) are signed with 14 automakers in the Russian Federation. The state support will be directly related to the localization of the output of autocomponents. We release the engine in Russia — get 500 points. Las the release of gearboxes — another 500 points. Cook the body — by calculating 200 points, etc. Scored 5000 points — state support is provided. Such is the mechanism. The meaning is to produce more value added in the country.

Vertical Localization

Increased localization degree — one of the key objectives of the Strategy 2025 and the Third Investment. It is said about the indicator 70-75% of localization and higher. But, as you know, the import component is high in autocomponents. In fact, the most optimal solution may be the creation of the entire chain of the output of auto components from domestic materials and nodes. It should be noted that such examples are already available in the Russian automotive industry even in the manufacture of foreign cars.

In particular, within the framework of modernization, the Russian Ford Transit car has received even more structural elements of Russian production. As part of the development of the vertical localization — the priority direction for Ford Sollers — it was possible to create a production chain from raw materials to produce ready-made components from domestic materials. Last year, the supply of bumpers for the Ford Transit car «Hiton Plast-2» from the materials of local production were localized and started. The chain of suppliers includes enterprises of the petrochemical and automatic industries located in the Republic of Tatarstan. The mining of raw materials was produced by Tatneft, based on its basis the basic polymers by the enterprise Nizhnekamskneftekhim (Nizhnekamsk), of which the Enterprise «Hiton Plast-2» produced a bumper for Ford. Thus, the entire production chain from the production of oil and processing of raw materials to the manufacture of the part and install it on the car is 100% localized. Also from local raw materials are made of instrument panel, Ford Transit door panels.

In addition, a commercial car receives steel discs from the supplier in Tatarstan «Accident Wils Russi» made from Russian raw materials. The Ford Transit in the localization process is now equipped with single-oscillate springs of parabolic type, made at the Chusovsky Metallurgical Plant (ChMZ) from the brand of steel 50xgf with improved rubber-metal hinges. Thanks to them, they managed to increase the rigidity and reliability of this rear suspension node. This example demonstrates a productive approach to the real localization of cars manufactured at Ford Sollers.